The development of the forestry community carbon market needs to be promoted. But how do we make this happen?
issuance of Minister of Forestry Regulation Number: P.O1/Menhut-II/2004 concerning “Empowerment of Local Communities in and or Around Forests in the Framework of Social Forestry”, which was stipulated on 12 July 2004. SF is intended to realize forest resource sustainability and improve the welfare community through empowering local communities, both those in and around the forest.
Forest sustainability is about forest management. If forest management has been carried out responsibly, it should include good relations with the community in and around the forest. Specifically, forests in Java Island are an important ecosystem buffer. In addition, millions of poor people who live in and around forests factually depend on state forest areas for their livelihoods.
With the existence of the KHDPK or Forest Areas with Special Management policy, communities are given bigger rights, and more responsibilities as well. Therefore, it is expected that the level of welfare to be achieved depends on the people themselves being able to make it happen with their abilities, knowledge, skills, mastery of technology, management, and capital.
Therefore community's responsibility will depend on their activities in replanting critical, damaged, barren, and unproductive land due to previous management. Then, The program of Social forestry can also continue efforts to improve the welfare of the community based on the potential of forest resources.
Forest sustainability also depends on the community. It is fact that the central and regional governments, both the forestry sector and other sectors must continue to provide support to the community; as well as NGOs and academicians.
The situation of State Forests in Java
State forest areas in Java are managed by a state-owned forestry company.
There are indeed differences of opinion on this matter. However, despite all the existing pros and cons, critical land on the island of Java which is located in a forest area, according to the Ministry of Environment and Forestry’s records, covers an area of 472,000 hectares.
Another fact that is no less important is the large number of poor people living in and around the forest. Based on data from the Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS), YEAR?] from 25,863 villages located around forest areas, 36.7% were categorized as poor.
The poverty rate in Java itself is 14 million people, or equivalent to 52% of the total national poor population of 26.5 million people (BPS, 2021). In addition, activists for community empowerment and social forestry often criticize the phenomena in the form of certain practices that are increasingly burdensome to live, even marginalizing small and small farmers in Java.
So it can be seen here that there are various ecological and social problems that the Government must immediately address.
Mobilize the financing necessary to replicate such examples, on a scale necessary, across hundreds of millions of acres of mangroves, forests, savannas, wetlands, seascapes, farms, and cities across the globe. How to reduce the global temperature rising to 1.5°C, while benefiting people and nature?