One of the important processes in assessing the level of sustainability of an area is environmental management and the accompanying policies.
Policymakers in natural resource management must understand the dynamics of management and the origins of responsible management. Why it is necessary to be responsible? To achieve sustainable management, of course, the management system and model must refer to the responsibilities of the organizers of activities that utilize natural resources.
Policymakers will be faced with various management challenges because usually in an area there are various types of interests. For example, in community-based forest management, there are various opinions regarding the involvement of local communities around the forest. This involvement is either direct or indirect.
Natural resource management policies usually look at environmental conditions and consider the carrying capacity of natural resources in the vicinity. In the context of forest resource management, for example, it is necessary to have policies that facilitate
- As the issue of responsible environmental management grows, it is necessary to look at environmental factors carefully, for example by looking at biodiversity and the need to protect high-value resources.
- The entry and exit of forest products from within the forest area itself.
- Forest resource management information system and forest resource valuation so that it can be quantified [calculated based on the current value]
Policies in natural resource management are usually regulated by either local authorities or the government because natural resources management is holding the livelihood of many people. The state regulates the management of natural resources so that they can be used fairly and fairly for the welfare of the people.
Environmental Policy plays a role in encouraging sustainable natural resource management by paying attention to environmental aspects.
Pemerintah dalam hal ini banyak mengeluarkan kebijakan-kebijakan yang menyangkut tata kelola
The process of monitoring and evaluating of environmental governance, and decentralization provides the widest possible opportunity for local governments to make decisions. Decentralization also teaches us to have the courage to make decisions and take risks for those already executed decisions.
However, the national government’s commitment to overall development has not been fully translated by local governments.